The long debate between leaving forests in a natural condition versus managing them to provide wood products is as relevant to land trusts as it is to large public owners - particularly during a climate emergency. This session brings together the executive directors from two New England organizations, the Northeast Wilderness Trust and the New England Forestry Foundation -two organizations seemingly on opposite sides of the conservation spectrum. These two organizations have joined in a dialogue to weave together different perspectives and develop a common, expanded framework for forests as a natural climate solution. The two speakers will switch roles for the first half of the session, each speaking for the mission and goals of the other. The session starts by covering important conservation attributes that can be achieved or not achieved by implementing either wildland or forest management practices. Two new conservation tools will be introduced - NEWT's Wildlands Partnership which assists in supporting and designating parcels as forever wild and NEFF's Pooled Timber Income Fund, which helps landowners and land trusts receive yearly income from Exemplary Forestry practices. Current scientific research will help identify the trade-offs from management or forever wild and place them in context of larger conservation goals and ecosystem services. Participants will leave with a new framework for analysis of their own lands and decision on how to treat them.